When it comes to photography, most people think of just capturing the photo by clicking a button, but it is far more than that. There are so many other elements that make up the art of photography. When you understand those elements, it is easy to tell a good photographer from an uneducated, inexperienced photographer. There are 10 essential rules of photo composition. But to understand these rules you must also know that every photo does not have to use every rule. It is important for a photographer to know that in the real world you have to keep an open-minded approach in order to get the right photos taken the right way. So without further adieu, the 10 rules of photo composition:
- Simplify the scene
- The simpler the shot, the bigger the impact.
- Give your main object the most of the frame.
- Fill the frame
- Don’t leave too much empty space.
- Zoom in to fill the frame.
- Aspect ratio
- take both vertical and horizontal shots.
- Try different crops.
- Avoid the middle
- Rule of Thirds
- Move object away from the center.
- Leading Lines
- Use lines to control people’s eyes around the picture.
- Use converging or curved lines.
- Use diagonals
- Use instead of horizontal lines
- Dutch tilt technique
- Space to move
- Convey a strong sense of movement.
- Does not have to be a moving object.
- Change position to replace a cluttered background.
- No matter how dull it is, get it right.
- Creative with colours
- Use abstract colors on different backgrounds.
- Be really selective about how you isolate and frame
- Breaking the rules
- My favorite rule.
- Don’t do it by accident, do it on purpose!
- Be creative!
TIPS FOR BETTER IPHONE PHOTOGRAPHY
Cotton Coulson (What a name!), is a photographer for the National Geographic Traveler, which is pretty awesome in my book. In the first part of the article, he talks about hauling his big cameras around Denmark and he transitions it into how he waited for the third and fourth generation iPhones to come around so he could start taking photos with those. He says today we are getting close to being able to take pictures with iPhones and them look so beautiful that we can sell them to top photo agencies.
Cotton Coulson says, “The best camera to have is the one that’s with you all the time.” I mean who goes outside without their phone anymore?! With the technological advances on these cameras (though still limited), the images captured on our phones can be very moving.
HOW INSTAGRAM FILTERS WORK, AND CAN YOU TELL THE DIFFERENCE?
The hottest social media site out right now, in my opinion, is Instagram. And the biggest question on that site is are you #TeamFilter or #TeamNoFilter? Two things to know about using filters on the Gram: 1) The use of Instagram filters, like just about anything in the art of photography, is incredibly subjective. 2) There are no hard and fast rules, so don’t limit yourself.
Instagram founder, Kevin Systrom, took some time to tell Instagram users how they come up with filters and what kind of photos is best fit for each filter. Systrom says there are different ways to make the filters whether it be drawing on top of images or doing pixel math. He goes on to say there are also a combination of effects using curve profiles, blending modes, color hues, etc. Here are three of the long list of filters:
Brightens colors by bumping up the saturation, while also adding shadows to your photo. I don’t personally use filters but I do go to settings and mess with the saturation and shadows so this would be my favorite one. I found out that Lo-Fi is usually used for food, trees, and grass, so that really hurt my feelings and made me feel like an idiot because none of my Instagrams are like that, but oh well its my Instagram and I’m a Lo-Fi fan.
This is my second favorite filter that was talked about in the article. Perpetua will brighten an image, and enhances its green and yellow tones. Its used for outdoor shots, especially on the beach. You probably won’t want to use it with portrait shots as it gives skin a very unnatural tone. Being as pale as I am, I like this because it makes me look more tan. Living on the beach, this filter also comes in handy.